Saturday, February 18, 2012

中文 - Week 15 (New Practical Chinese Reader 1)

The book I am using is New Practical Chinese Reader 1 by the Beijing Language and Culture University Press. Volume 1 of the book has 14 lessons. Target end date is May 5, 2012.

MONDAY: Lesson Eight – 你们家有几口人?
Key sentences, notes, and grammar! 是啊 is an expression of affirmation and useful in daily conversations. Aside from that, the grammar point for today is all about numeral measure words! Asian languages seem to be obsessed with these counters that you have to memorize some while starting but they somehow become second nature in the long run. For family members they use . For flat objects such as calling cards, photos, and paper, is used. The general counter is which is your last resort if you forget the appropriate counter. I am not sure though if it is accepted as a proxy general counter for everything.

TUESDAY: Lesson Eight – 你们家有几口人?
Now we meet that character which is used to connect two nouns, . Having said that, you have to bear in mind that it is the popular choice for linking two nouns BUT NOT sentences, nor verbs. As for our grammar point of the day, is used to express possession. Use it like you would the verb “have” in this aspect. It could also be used to mean “There is” or “There are” depending on the context. It is NOT negated by saying 不有, but rather with which gives you 没有. Take note of that.

WEDNESDAY: Lesson Eight – 你们家有几口人?
We just have grammar for today. You only use for the numeral 2 when you are counting. When used in the context of quantity, they use followed by the appropriate counter. That is why in the text they say 两个弟弟 instead of 二个弟弟.

THURSDAY: Lesson Eight – 你们家有几口人?
is used to add something in addition, which means that the phrase 还有谁means who else? You could also use this to mean still. As for our other grammar point, the book says that you do not use with to mean not very. Instead, you use the negative with meaning I am not very busy would be translated as 我不太忙 and NOT as 我不很忙.

FRIDAY: Lesson Eight – 你们家有几口人?
Last stop, the difference between 多少and . These are both used to ask how many but differ in terms of the quantity involved. is used if there are less than 10. 多少 is for more, which would involve prices. I think this is not a hard and fast rule, but just to be safe, better stick with it.

For next week I will still be covering lesson eight. We are making progress! The goal is to pass the lowest level of the HSK in September 2012! =)

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