The book I am using is 한국어1 which is the Korean for Foreigners course book of the Hankuk University of Foreign Studies. The book has 35 chapters. Target end date is February 3, 2012.
월요일: Chapter Twenty One – 주말에 뭐 할 거에요?
How do we express duration in Korean? As in “from this time to that time?” Again, we make use of particles, and the tandem from... to is represented by 부터...까지. This is usually used after time particles such as hours, days, etc. Examples! From 9 PM to 10 PM would be 9시부터10시까지. From Monday to Saturday would be 얼요일부터토요일까지.
화요일: Chapter Twenty One –주말에 뭐 할 거에요?
How do you say nothing and nobody? They are 아무것도 and아무도, respectively. The only thing that differs between the two is 것 which means thing, which makes it easier to remember.
수요일: Chapter Twenty One –주말에 뭐 할 거에요?
There’s a catch about nothing and nobody. You have to use them with negative verbs only. This causes confusion because in English, it gives you a contrasting statement. For example, No one is in the classroom would be 교실에 아무도 없어요. If you translate this literally, it would mean “Nobody is not in the classroom” which means that someone is there! Well, in Korean, that’s not the case. Take note of this and make sure you master it. Try forgetting English for a while. Another example: I didn’t eat anything would be 아무것도 먹지 않았어요 which you might translate word per word as “I did not eat nothing”.
목요일: Chapter Twenty Two – 어떻게 가요?
Transportation! First stop, some common modes of transportation. Airplane is 비행기, bus is 버스, taxi is 택시, metro is 지하철, car is 차, and train is 기차. Just add the particle ~(으)로 to mean that you are using the said mode of transport and then add the verb of motion, whether that is to come 오다 or to go 가다. When I went to Korea last June, I went there by plane. Thus, I could say 저기에비행기로갔어요.
금요일: Chapter Twenty Two – 어떻게 가요?
We’ve learned how to say “from...to” when it comes to time. What if you want to specify a place, instead? “to” does not change. In this case only from is changed to ~에서 which means “from place to place” would be에서...까지. Let’s use an example that would summarize this week’s lessons. From Monday to Friday I go from house to university by bus. Ready? Take note of the particles: 월요일부터금요일까지집에서대학교까지버스로가요.
For next week I would be covering lesson 1/3 of lesson twenty two, lesson twenty three, and 1/3 of lesson 24. We can do this, guys! AJA! The goal is to pass the lowest level of TOPIK in April 2012! =)